1. Home
  2. Vol 7, No 1 (2023)
  3. Osita Victor Ossai

Depressive and anxiety symptoms among Nigerian rural women diagnosed with cervical cancer

  • Abstract Views: 76
  • PDF Downloads: 0
  • September 4, 2023
Corresponding Author

Keywords:

Depression, anxiety symptoms, cervical cancer, rural women

Abstract

Among women in Nigeria, cervical cancer has been found to be more prevalent among the rural population. Depression and anxiety are common symptoms among patients during their initial diagnosis and subsequent treatment. The main study objective was to ascertain whether depression or anxiety symptoms are common among patients of cervical cancer in rural communities in Enugu State, Nigeria. The study utilized semi-structured questionnaires in conducting a descriptive study on 148 consenting cervical cancer patients. Graphs, Chi-squares, and percentages were used to represent the data. In total, 148 patients had their data collected by the researcher. This study found that respondents manifested severe depression after their initial cervical cancer screenings. The report shows that 55% of respondents experienced severe depression after being diagnosed with cervical cancer.  Most of them—85 (57%)—were over 35 years of age.  Following a cervical cancer diagnosis, 52% of respondents reported severe anxiety symptoms. It is possible to say that after cervical cancer diagnosis, patients are prone to serious psychological distress. This is closely linked to the dreadful thought processes that herald the initial screening. Social support and counselling are urgently needed before and after cervical cancer screening.

Full Text:

References

Ali, H. S. (2021). Prevalence and Correlates of Depression and Anxiety Among Patients with Cervical Cancer at Cancer Treatment Centre, Kenyatta National Hospital (Doctoral dissertation, UON).

Araya, L. T., Fenta, T. G., Sander, B., Gebremariam, G. T., & Gebretekle, G. B. (2020). Health-related quality of life and associated factors among cervical cancer patients at Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Health and quality of life outcomes, 18, 1-9.

Arbyn, M., Weiderpass, E., Bruni, L., de Sanjosé, S., Saraiya, M., Ferlay, J., & Bray, F. (2020). Estimates of incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in 2018: a worldwide analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 8(2), e191-e203.

Areklett, E. W., Fagereng, E., Bruheim, K., Andersson, S., & Lindemann, K. (2022). Self‐reported cognitive impairment in cervical cancer survivors: a cross‐sectional study. Psycho‐Oncology, 31(2), 298-305.

Fontham, E. T., Wolf, A. M., Church, T. R., Etzioni, R., Flowers, C. R., Herzig, A., ... & Smith, R. A. (2020). Cervical cancer screening for individuals at average risk: 2020 guideline update from the American Cancer Society. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 70(5), 321-346.

Hanprasertpong, J., Geater, A., Jiamset, I., Padungkul, L., Hirunkajonpan, P., & Songhong, N. (2017). Fear of cancer recurrence and its predictors among cervical cancer survivors. Journal of gynecologic oncology, 28(6).

Ho, D., Kim, S. Y., Kim, S. I., Kim, S. Y., & Lim, W. J. (2021). Insomnia, anxiety, and depression in patients first diagnosed with female cancer. Psychiatry investigation, 18(8), 755.

Karawekpanyawong, N., Kaewkitikul, K., Maneeton, B., Maneeton, N., & Siriaree, S. (2021). The prevalence of depressive disorder and its association in Thai cervical cancer patients. Plos one, 16(6), e0252779.

Kashyap, N., Krishnan, N., Kaur, S., & Ghai, S. (2019). Risk factors of cervical cancer: a case-control study. Asia-Pacific journal of oncology nursing, 6(3), 308-314.

Khan, M., Zafar, A., Muneer, R., Siddiqui, A., Khan, S. A. K., & Zafar, A. (2021). Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding cervical cancer and human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination. Pak J Med Dentist, 10(02), 94-100.

Kyei, K. A. (2017). Assessment of Anxiety and Depression Among Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Treatment in Ghana (Doctoral dissertation, Walden University).

Lu, D., Andrae, B., Valdimarsdóttir, U., Sundström, K., Fall, K., Sparén, P., & Fang, F. (2019). Psychologic distress is associated with cancer-specific mortality among patients with cervical cancer. Cancer research, 79(15), 3965-3972.

Maree, J. E., & Holtslander, L. (2021). The experiences of women living with cervical cancer in Africa: A metasynthesis of qualitative studies. Cancer Nursing, 44(5), 419-430.

McBride, E., Marlow, L. A., Forster, A. S., Ridout, D., Kitchener, H., Patnick, J., & Waller, J. (2020). Anxiety and distress following receipt of results from routine HPV primary testing in cervical screening: The psychological impact of primary screening (PIPS) study. International journal of cancer, 146(8), 2113-2121.

Montgomery, S. A., & Åsberg, M. A. (1979). A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. The British journal of psychiatry, 134(4), 382-389.

Muka, T., Li, J. J., Farahani, S. J., & Ioannidis, J. P. (2023). An umbrella review of systematic reviews on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer prevention and management, and patient needs. Elife, 12.

Njuguna, D. W., Mahrouseh, N., Onisoyonivosekume, D., & Varga, O. (2020). National policies to prevent and manage cervical cancer in East African countries: A policy mapping analysis. Cancers, 12(6), 1520.

Olubodun, T., Odukoya, O. O., & Balogun, M. R. (2019). Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer prevention, among women residing in an urban slum in Lagos, South West, Nigeria. Pan African Medical Journal, 32(1).

Oluwole, E. O., Mohammed, A. S., Akinyinka, M. R., & Salako, O. (2017). Cervical cancer awareness and screening uptake among rural women in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of community medicine and primary health care, 29(1), 81-88.

Park, B., Youn, S., Yi, K. K., Lee, S. Y., Lee, J. S., & Chung, S. (2017). The prevalence of depression among patients with the top ten most common cancers in South Korea. Psychiatry investigation, 14(5), 618.

Paul, R., Musa, G., & Chungu, H. (2016). Prevalence of depression among cervical cancer patients seeking treatment at the cancer diseases hospital. IOSR J Dent Med Sci Ver XI, 15(6), 2279-2861.

Perkins, R. B., Wentzensen, N., Guido, R. S., & Schiffman, M. (2023). Cervical Cancer Screening: A Review. JAMA, 330(6), 547-558.

Rimande-Joel, R., & Ekenedo, G. O. (2019). Knowledge, Belief and practice of cervical cancer screening and prevention among women of Taraba, North-East Nigeria. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP, 20(11), 3291.

Shaffer, K. M., Jacobs, J. M., Nipp, R. D., Carr, A., Jackson, V. A., Park, E. R., ... & Temel, J. S. (2017). Mental and physical health correlates among family caregivers of patients with newly-diagnosed incurable cancer: a hierarchical linear regression analysis. Supportive Care in Cancer, 25, 965-971.

Shyu, I. L., Hu, L. Y., Chen, Y. J., Wang, P. H., & Huang, B. S. (2019). Risk factors for developing depression in women with cervical cancer: a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan.

International journal of women's health, 135-141.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2020). Understanding descriptive research designs and methods. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 34(1), 8-12.

Simkus, J. (2022). Convenience sampling: Definition, method and examples. Retrieved October, 6, 2022.

Tosic Golubovic, S., Binic, I., Krtinic, D., Djordjevic, V., Conic, I., Gugleta, U., ... & Kostic, J. (2022). Risk factors and predictive value of depression and anxiety in cervical cancer patients. Medicina, 58(4), 507.

White, R., Stanley, F., Than, J., Macnair, A., Pethick, J., Fallica, G., ... & Maher, J. (2021). Treatable but not curable cancer in England: a retrospective cohort study using cancer registry data and linked data sets. BMJ open, 11(1), e040808.

World Health Organization. (2020). Global strategy to accelerate the elimination of cervical cancer as a public health problem. World Health Organization.

Yang C-M, Sung F-C, Mou C-H, Liao C-H, Wang P-H and Shieh S-H (2022) Anxiety and depression risk in Taiwan women with breast cancer and cervical cancer. Front. Oncol. 12:946029. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.946029

Yang Y-L, Liu L, Wang X-X, Wang Y, Wang L (2014) Prevalence and Associated Positive Psychological Variables of Depression and Anxiety among Chinese Cervical Cancer Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study. PLoS ONE 9(4): e94804. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0094804

Yang, X., Huang, L., Li, C., Ji, N., & Zhu, H. (2022). The effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention on alleviating anxiety and depression in postoperative patients with cervical cancer: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine, 101(5).

Zhang, X., Mkuu, R., Samman, E., Cummings, S., Sherman, L., Wigfall, L. T., ... & Burdine, J. N. (2020). Anxiety and depressive symptoms and missing breast cancer and cervical screening: results from Brazos valley community health survey. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 25(4), 402-409.

Zhang, S., Xu, H., Zhang, L., & Qiao, Y. (2020). Cervical cancer: Epidemiology, risk factors and screening. Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, 32(6), 720.

Zhao, H., Zhao, Z., & Chen, C. (2020). Prevalence, risk factors and prognostic value of anxiety and depression in cervical cancer patients underwent surgery. Translational Cancer Research, 9(1), 65.

Zung, W. W. (1971). A rating instrument for anxiety disorders Psychosomatics.; 12: 371–9 doi: 10.1016. S0033-3182 (71), 71479-0.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.