1. Home
  2. Vol 6, No 2 (2022)
  3. Chinyere Theresa Ogbuanya

Influence of work family balance on job performance, job satisfaction and mental health of electronics craftsmen in Plateau State

  • Abstract Views: 192
  • PDF Downloads: 0
  • December 26, 2022
Corresponding Author


Work family balance; Job performance; Job satisfaction; Mental health


This study determined the influence of work-family balance on job performance, job satisfaction and mental health of electronics craftsmen in Plateau State. Six research questions and hypotheses guided the study. A correlational design was adopted for the study. A sample of 171 electronic craftsmen purposively sampled were involved in the study. Four sets of questionnaires were used for data collection. The instrument was face validation by five experts. The reliability coefficient of 0.75 was determined using Cronbach alpha.  Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to analyse the data relating to the research questions while multiple regressions were used for the hypothesis at a criterion level of 0.05 level of significance. The bivariate correlation results show a weak but positive relationship between work-family balance and job performance, and job satisfaction, while it has an inverse influence on their mental health. The result also shows that marital status, age, experience and income level are possible positive moderators of the relationship between work-family and job performance, job satisfaction and mental health. The regression results also show that work-family balance is a positive significant predictor of job performance, job satisfaction and mental health. It also shows no significant interaction effects of marital status, age, experience and income level on the relationship between work-family balance and job performance and job satisfaction. However, the result shows that age and marital status has a significant moderating role on the relationship while experience and income level show significant relationships on the mental health of the craftsmen. It is therefore recommended that work-family balance should be embedded in craftsmen training courses to prepare them well before practice. Craftsmen should also take time to manage their health, as it is only the healthy that can perform well on their job.

Full Text:


Adegoke, N. (2015) Factors responsible for juvenile delinquency in Nigeria: A case study of selected primary schools in Ikorodu, Lagos State, Nigeria. Humanities and Social Sciences. 5(5) 78-84.

American Psychological Association (2002). Employers longer working hours linked to family conflict. Stress Related Health Problems., 33(6).

Anafarta, N. (2011). The relationship between work-family conflict and job satisfaction: A structural equation modeling (SEM) approach. International journal of business and management, 6(4), 168-177.

Azeem, S. M., & Akhtar, N. (2014). The influence of work life balance and job satisfaction on organizational commitment of healthcare employees. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 4(2), 18.

Babin, B. J., & Boles, J. S. (1996). The effects of perceived co-worker involvement and supervisor support on service provider role stress, performance and job satisfaction. Journal of retailing, 72(1), 57-75.

Becker, A. (2003). Marriage Is Not the Key to Happiness. Psychology Today.

Buccigrossi, J., & Robinson, M. (2003). Age: At issue in the American workplace.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, United States Department of Labor (2015). Occupational Outlook Handbook, (2016-17).

Burger, K., & Samuel, R. (2017). The role of perceived stress and self-efficacy in young people’s life satisfaction: A longitudinal study. Journal of youth and adolescence, 46(1), 78-90.

Carstensen, L. L., Pasupathi, M., Mayr, U., & Nesselroade, J. R. (2000). Emotional experience in everyday life across the adult life span. Journal of personality and social psychology, 79(4), 644.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Strategies to prevent obesity and other chronic diseases: The CDC guide to strategies to support breastfeeding mothers and babies. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services.

Clarke, M. C., Koch, L. C., & Hill, E. J. (2004). The work‐family interface: differentiating balance and fit. Family and consumer sciences research journal, 33(2), 121-140.

Cranny, C. J., Smith, P. C., & Stone, E. (1992). Job satisfaction: How people feel about their jobs and how it affects their performance. American Journal of Educational Research. 2(8), 698-702

Dex, S., & Bond, S. (2005). Measuring work-life balance and its covariates. Work, employment and society, 19(3), 627-637.

Daly, M. (2011). What adult worker model? A critical look at recent social policy reform in Europe from a gender and family perspective. Social politics: international studies in gender, state & society, 18(1), 1-23.

Diener, E., & Suh, E. M. (Eds.). (2000). Culture and subjective well-being. MIT press.

Families and Work Institute (2002). Generation and Gender in the Workplace. Retrieved from http://familiesandwork.org/site/research/reports/genandgender

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2013). National Policy on Education. 6th ed. Lagos: Nigeria Education Research and Development Council (NERDC) Process

Gatbonton, E. (2008). Looking beyond teachers' classroom behaviour: Novice and experienced ESL teachers' pedagogical knowledge. Language teaching research, 12(2), 161-182.

Greenhaus, J. H., & Powell, G. N. (2006). When work and family are allies: A theory of work-family enrichment. Academy of management review, 31(1), 72-92.

Gregory, R. F. (2001). Age discrimination in the American workplace: Old at a young age. Rutgers University Press.

Higgins, C., Duxbury, L., & Johnson, K. L. (2000). Part‐time work for women: Does it really help balance work and family? Human Resource Management: Published in Cooperation with the School of Business Administration, The University of Michigan and in alliance with the Society of Human Resources Management, 39(1), 17-32.

Judge, T. A., Piccolo, R. F., Podsakoff, N. P., Shaw, J. C., & Rich, B. L. (2010). The relationship between pay and job satisfaction: A meta-analysis of the literature. Journal of vocational behavior, 77(2), 157-167.

Lawton, M. P., Kleban, M. H., Rajagopal, D., & Dean, J. (1992). Dimensions of affective experience in three age groups. Psychology and aging, 7(2), 171.

Loprest, Acs, Ratcliffe. and Vinopal (2009). Who are low wage workers? Retrieved from https://aspe.hhs.gov/reports/who-are-low-wage-workers-0

Major, V. S., Klein, K. J., & Ehrhart, M. G. (2002). Work time, work interference with family, and psychological distress. Journal of applied psychology, 87(3), 427.

Matteson, W. (2014) Aging, mental health and long-term care

Matsubara, T., Konno, M., Haratani, T., Kawaguchi, Y., & Egawa, M. (2014). The influence of family and work conditions on work-life balance, stress, and job satisfaction: Comparison between Karasek and Kawachi'model. Japanese Journal of Administrative Science, 27(2), 115-135.

Mathieu, J. E., & Zajac, D. M. (1990). A review and meta-analysis of the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of organizational commitment. Psychological bulletin, 108(2), 171.

McNeil, J. K., Stones, M. J., Kozma, A., & Andres, D. (1994). Age differences in mood: Structure, mean level, and diurnal variation. Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement, 13(2), 201-220.

Monga, A., Verma, N., & Monga, O. P. (2015). A study of job satisfaction of employees of ICICI bank in Himachal Pradesh. Human Resource Management Research, 5(1), 18-25.

Newman, K. M. (2014). 12 People Define Work-Life Balance in 1 Sentence. Retrieved from https://tech.co/news/work-life-balance-definition-2014-04

Ohanu, I.B & Orji, C.T (2013). Skills Empowerment Needs of Electronic Technicians for Effective Installation of Television Satellite Dish. Nigerian Vocational Association Journal (NVAJ), 18(1); 248-259

Onoka, C. A., Onwujekwe, O. E., Uzochukwu, B. S., & Ezumah, N. N. (2013). Promoting universal financial protection: constraints and enabling factors in scaling-up coverage with social health insurance in Nigeria. Health research policy and systems, 11(1), 1-10.

Orji, C. T., (2015). Effect of problem based instructional strategy on achievement of students in electronic work in technical colleges in Enugu State. Master’s Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Orji, C. T., & Ogbuanya, T. C. (2018). Effectiveness of Problem-based and Lecture-based Learning Environments on Students’ Achievements in Electronic Works in Technical Colleges in Nigeria. International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education, 55(4): pp. 334-353, DOI: 10.1177/0020720918773983.

Orji, C. T., & Ogbuanya, T. C. (2020). Mediating Roles of Ability Beliefs and Intrinsic Motivation in Problem-based Learning and Practical Skills Engagement Relations among Electrical/Electronic Education Undergraduates. Innovation in Education and Teaching International. https://doi.org/10.1080/14703297.2020.1813188.

Orji, C. T. (2021). Efficacy of Problem-Based Learning on Engagement and Practical Skills Acquisition among Electrical. Electronic Technology Education Students in Universities in South-East Nigeria. (Doctoral Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka).

Palgi, Y., & Shmotkin, D. (2010). The predicament of time near the end of life: Time perspective trajectories of life satisfaction among the old-old. Aging & Mental Health, 14(5), 577-586.

Panisoara, G., & Serban, M. (2013). Marital status and work-life balance. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 78, 21-25.

Pepper, D. (2011) Assessing key competences across the curriculum—and Europe. European Journal of Education, 46(3), 335–353.

St-Amour, N., Laverdure, J., Devault, A., Manseau, S., & Jacob, R. (2007). The difficulty of balancing work and family life: Impact on the physical and mental health of Quebec families. Institut national de Santé publique: Quebec.

Wolfers, J., & Zilinsky, J. (2015). Higher wages for low-income workers lead to higher productivity. RAISING LOWER-LEVEL WAGES: WHEN AND WHY IT MAKES, 6.


  • There are currently no refbacks.