1. Home
  2. Vol 6, No 2 (2022)
  3. Anggarda Paramita Muji

Comparison of the impact of the learning system during the COVID-19 Pandemic in several countries and Indonesia

  • Abstract Views: 480
  • PDF Downloads: 0
  • June 13, 2022
Corresponding Author


Comparison; Learning System; COVID-19 Pandemic; Online Learning


Online learning is an alternative during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to empirically verify the impact of the learning system during the COVID-19 pandemic in several countries and Indonesia. The method used in writing this article is using the prism method, which is part of the literature search method from national and international article sources, which is carried out using an indexed search on Google Scholar. The articles reviewed were the latest 49 articles from 2020 to 2022, consisting of 40 national journals and 9 international journals. The results of the study are presented as follows; (1) The search results prove an increase in the number of articles published from 2020-2021; (2) The distribution of articles by type and method of data is presented using more qualitative data; (3) The results showed that the impact of the learning system during the covid-19 pandemic had a major impact on the learning system, namely the positive and negative impacts of online learning carried out by every school facing the covid-19 pandemic. Online learning itself is very influential on learning during the pandemic and is the most widely used. Digital literacy competence is highly demanded in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Full Text:


Adriani, SRC, Khoirot, S., Sawitri, SS, & Nurjanah, N. (2021). The Impact of Distance Learning During the Covid-19 Period at SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Sukoharjo. Journal of Education, 30(1), 53-58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32585/jp.v30i1.1162

Ahmad Jaelani, Hamdan Fauzi, Hety Aisah, QYZ (2020). The Use of Online Media in the Process of Teaching and Learning Activities during the Covid-19 Pandemic (Library Study and Online Observation). JOURNAL OF IKA: PGSD UNARS ALUMNI BOARD, 8(1), 12–24. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Amalia, N., Orchard, D., Francis, KL, & King, E. (2020). Systematic review and meta❤analysis on the use of probiotic supplementation in pregnant mother, breastfeeding mother and infant for the prevention of atopic dermatitis in children. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 61(2), e158-e173.https://doi.org/10.1111/ajd.13186

Amalina. (2021). Obsession Journal: Journal of Early Childhood Education in Early Childhood Mathematics Learning in the 2020 Covid-19 Pandemic. Abstract. Journal of Obsession: Journal of Early Childhood Education, 5(1), 538–548.https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v5i1.592

Anwar, M., Triyono, M., Ta'ali, T., Hidayat, H., & Syahputeri, V. (2021). Design of trainer kit as a fault-finding based on electricity and electronics learning media. Journal of Vocational Education, 11(2), 191-202.https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v11i2.43742

Ardi, Z., Hidayat, H., Ifdil, I., Guspriadi, Y., & Fauziyyah, SA (2021). The Development of POTENTIA; The Android-Based Psychological Application for Mapping and Assessments of Student Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 15(16).https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v15i16.25147

Argaheni, NB (2020). Systematic review: The impact of online lectures during the COVID-19 pandemic on Indonesian students. PLACENTUM: Scientific Journal of Health and Its Applications, 8(2), 99-108. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20961/placentum.v8i2.43008

Bahar, S. (2020). Mother's Junior High School (SMP) Problems in Distance Learning as the Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic Journal of Alasma: Media Information and Scientific Communication, 2(2), 217-230. https://jurnalstitmaa.org/alasma/article/view/44

Choiri, M., Fajrin, MC, Novianti, TA, & Ms, ENKP (2021). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Implementation of Online Learning in Indonesia: A Literature Review. Journal of Educational Technology (JTP), 14(1), 29-40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/jtp.v14i1.21422

Chusna, PA, & Utami, ADM (2020). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the role of parents and teachers in improving the quality of online learning for elementary school-aged children. Premiere: Journal of Islamic Elementary Education, 2(1), 11-30. https://doi.org/10.51675/jp.v2i1.84

Clerkin, KJ Fried, JA Raikhelkar, J 2020.Corona Virus Disease(COVID-19)and Cardiovascular Disease Circulaton.https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.046941

Cucinotta, D. Vanelli, M. 2020. WHO Declares COVID-19 A Pandemic. Acta Bio Medica Aterei Parmensis (91) (1) 157-160. doi:10.23750/abm.v91i1.9397.

Devi, NUK (2020). Adaptation of Family Institutions in the E-Learning Learning Process in Facing the Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic Publicio: Political, Policy and Social Scientific Journal, 2(2), 1-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.51747/publicio.v2i2.599

Dini, JPAU (2021). Teacher perceptions of the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the implementation of online learning in PAUD. Journal of Obsession: Journal of Early Childhood Education, 5(1), 633-640. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v5i1.574

Ellis, V., Steadman, S., & Mao, Q. (2020). 'Come to a screeching halt': Can change in teacher education during the COVID-19 pandemic be seen as innovation?. European Journal of Teacher Education, 43(4), 559-572. https://doi.org/10.1080/02619768.2020.1821186

Elias, AH (2018). The use of e-learning learning models in improving the quality of learning. Warta Dharmawangsa, (56). https://doi.org/10.46576/wdw.v0i56.4

Engko, C., & Usmany, P. (2020). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the online learning process. Journal of Accounting, 6(1), 23-38. https://ojs3.unpatti.ac.id/index.php/jak/article/view/2709

Fauziyyah, R., Awinda, RC, & Besral, B. (2021). The Impact of Distance Learning on Students' Stress and Anxiety Levels during the COVID-19 Pandemic Journal of Biostatistics, Population, and Health Informatics, 1(2), 113-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.51181/bikfokes.v1i2.4656

Fahmy, Z., Utomo, APY, Nugroho, YE, Maharani, AT, Liana, NI, Alfatimi, NA, ... & Kesuma, RG (2021). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Reading Interest of Elementary School Students. Indonesian Literature Journal, 10(2), 121-126. https://doi.org/10.15294/jsi.v10i2.48469

Ganefri., Hidayat, H., Kusumaningrum, I., & Mardin, A. (2017). Needs Analysis of Entrepreneurships Pedagogy of Technology and Vocational Education with Production Base Learning Approach in Higher Education. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 7(5), 1701-1707.http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1510

Ganefri, G., Hidayat, H., Yulastri, A., & Ifdil, I. (2020). Need analysis of the production based entrepreneurship training model: learning entrepreneurship in higher education. COUNS-EDU: The International Journal of Counseling and Education, 5(2), 58-63.http://dx.doi.org/10.23916/0020200528530

Ganefri, G., Hidayat, H., Yulastri, A., & Yondri, S. (2021). The empirical analysis of production-based entrepreneurship training model, readiness and locus of control towards students' entrepreneurship self-efficacy. International Journal of Research in Counseling and Education, 5(1), 56-61.https://doi.org/10.24036/00434za0002

Hafni, R. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Online Education. In National Seminar on Social Education Technology and Humanities (Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 601-611). https://doi.org/10.53695/syntesa.v1i1.368

Hatmo, SHD (2021). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Effectiveness of Online Distance Learning. Scholaria: Journal of education and culture, 11(2), 115-122. https://ejournal.uksw.edu/scholaria/article/view/4222

Hebebci, MT, Bertiz, Y., & Alan, S. (2020). Investigation of views of students and teachers on distance education practices during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science, 4(4), 267-282. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46328/ijtes.v4i4.113

Hendriyani, M., Artini, N. M., & Tatyana, T. (2021). Dampak Pandemi Covid 19 Terhadap Dunia Pendidikan. KOMPLEKSITAS: JURNAL ILMIAH MANAJEMEN DAN ORGANISASI, 10(2), 13-21. https://ejurnal.swadharma.ac.id/index.php/kompleksitas/article/view/128/96

Herliandry, L. D., Nurhasanah, Suban, M. E., & Heru, K. (2020). Transformasi Media Pembelajaran Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Teknologi Pendidikan, 22(1), 65–70. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10. 21009/jtp.v22i1.15286

Hermansyah, F. I. 2020. Pengambilan Kebijakan oleh Swedia dan Indonesia terhadap Pandemi COVID-19. Journal of Virology 1-14. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/kjiece.v3i1.9609

Hermawan, Y. D. (2020). Dampak Pandemi Covid-19 terhadap Eksistensi Pendidik di Era Digital. Quality, 8(2), 303-318. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/quality.v8i2.8182

Hidayah, N. (2020). The Impact of the Online Learning System on Teaching and Learning Activities During the Covid 19 Pandemic At Sdn 3 Sriminosari. As-Salam: Journal of Islamic Law Studies & Education, 9(2), 189-206. https://doi.org/10.51226/assalam.v9i2.180

Hidayat, H., Herawati, S., Syahmaidi, E., Hidayati, A., & Ardi, Z. (2018). Designing of technopreneurship scientific learning framework in vocational-based higher education in Indonesia. International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7(4), 123-127.https://doi.org/10.14419/ijet.v7i4.9.20632

Hidayat, H., Tamin, BY, Herawati, S., Khairul, K., & Syahmaidi, E. (2019a). The contribution of technopreneurship scientific learning and learning readiness towards the entrepreneurship learning outcomes in higher vocational education. Journal of Vocational Education, 9(1), 21-32.http://dx.doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v9i1.20466

Hidayat, H., Tamin, BY, Herawati, S., Hidayati, A., Muji, AP (2019b). Implementation of technopreneurship scientific learning to produce electronic product prototypes in engineering education. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8(11), 2842-2846.http://dx.doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.K2406.0981119

Hidayat, H., Ardi, Z., Yuliana, & Herawati, S. (2019c). Exploration of the need analysis for technopreneurship scientific learning models in higher vocational education. International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 18(3), 356-368.http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJEBR.2019.102733

Hidayat, H., Tamin, BY, Herawati, S., Ardi, Z., & Muji, AP (2020). The Contribution of Internal Locus of Control and Self-Concept to Career Maturity in Engineering Education. int. J. Adv. science. eng. inf. Technol, 10(6), 2282-2289. http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.11698

Hidayat, H., Tasrif, E., Jaya, P., Anwar, M., Hadi, A., Cultural, K., ... & Asmara, D. (2021). The Empirical Analysis of Industrial Work Challenges in the Industrial Revolution 5.0 Towards a Grade Point Average (GPA) for Electronic Engineering Education Students. International Journal of Online & Biomedical Engineering, 17(9).https://doi.org/10.3991/ijoe.v17i09.25679

Hidayat, H., & Muji, AP (2021). Mobile Learning Application: Effect of Learning Readiness and Community Learning Toward Technology Management and Mobile Learning. International Journal of Online & Biomedical Engineering, 17(13). https://doi.org/10.3991/ijoe.v17i13.26871

Kahfi, A. (2021). The impact of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic on children's cognitive development. Sharpened: Journal of Islamic Basic Thought and Education, 4(1), 14-23. https://doi.org/10.51476/dirasah.v4i1.219

Kawaguchi-Suzuki, M., Nagai, N., Akonoghrere, RO, & Desborough, JA (2020). COVID-19 pandemic challenges and lessons learned by pharmacy educators around the globe. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 84(8). https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8197

Keeling, MJ, Tildesley, MJ, Atkins, BD, Penman, B., Southall, E., Guyver-Fletcher, G., ... & Dyson, L. (2021). The impact of school reopening on the spread of COVID-19 in England. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 376(1829), 20200261. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0261

La Velle, L., Newman, S., Montgomery, C., & Hyatt, D. (2020). Initial teacher education in England and the Covid-19 pandemic: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of Education for Teaching, 46(4), 596-608. https://doi.org/10.1080/02607476.2020.1803051

Loka, OV (2021). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Learning System. Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Instructional Media, 1(3), 233-239. https://doi.org/10.52690/jitim.v1i3.150

Machrizzandi, MSR (2021). Impact of Information Technology on Student Economic Conditions during the Covid Pandemic. J-Alif: Research Journal of Sharia Economic Law and Islamic Culture, 5(2), 117-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.35329/jalif.v5i2.1859

Manurung, R., Sadjiarto, A., & Sitorus, DS (2021). The Google Classroom Application as an Online Learning Media and Its Impact on Student Learning Activities during the Covid-19 Pandemic Period. Journal of Education: Journal of Research Results and Literature Studies in the Field of Education, Teaching and Learning, 7(3), 729-739. https://doi.org/10.33394/jk.v7i3.3853

Mastura, M., & Santaria, R. (2020). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the teaching process for teachers and students. Journal of teacher studies and learning, 3(2), 289-295. https://doi.org/10.30605/jsgp.3.2.2020.293

Maulana, MI, Nasition, N., Hasibuan, LH, Hananiyah, A., Nurhasanah, S., & Nasution, I. (2022). The Impact of Online Learning During the Covid-19 Pandemic Edumaspul: Journal of Education, 6(1), 300-304. https://doi.org/10.33487/edumaspul.v6i1.3073

Moher, D., Shamseer, L., Clarke, M., Ghersi, D., Liberati, A., Petticrew, M., ... & Stewart, LA (2015). Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. Systematic reviews, 4(1), 1-9.https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-4053-4-1

Mok, KH, Xiong, W., Ke, G., & Cheung, JOW (2021). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on international higher education and student mobility: Student perspectives from mainland China and Hong Kong. International Journal of Educational Research, 105, 101718. https://www.researchcghe.org/perch/resources/publications/wp54to-publish.pdf

Muji, AP, Jamaris, J., Solfema, S., & Hidayat, H. (2022). Meta-Analysis of early childhood learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic using the prism method. International Journal of Research in Counseling and Education, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.24036/00480za0002

Napitupulu, RM (2020). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on distance learning satisfaction. Journal of Educational Technology Innovation, 7(1), 23-33. https://doi.org/10.21831/jitp.v7i1.32771

Novia, W., & Wasehudin, W. (2021). The Impact of the Covid Pandemic on Online Learning for Pie Subjects. TARBAWY: Indonesian Journal of Islamic Education, 8(1), 23-37. https://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/tarbawy/article/view/28551/16431

Nuraini, N., & Suryana, D. (2021). The Impact of Online Learning on AUP's Fine Motor Skills during the Codiv-19 Pandemic in Melati Kindergarten. JCE (Journal of Childhood Education), 5(2), 409-424.https://doi.org/10.30736/jce.v5i2.604

Nurkholis, N. (2020). The Impact of the Novel-Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19) Pandemic on Psychology and Education and Government Policies. PGSD Journal, 6(1), 39-49. https://doi.org/10.32534/jps.v6i1.1035

Ogundijo, DA, Tas, AA, & Onarinde, BA (2021). Exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on eating and purchasing behaviors of people living in England. Nutrients, 13(5), 1499. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051499

Pakaya, NA, Kida, FA, & Upper, W. (2020). The Impact of Online Learning Media on Islamic Education at Mts Al Muhajirin Manado in the Perspective of Child Psychology in the COVID-19 Era. JIVA: Journal of Behavior and Mental Health, 1(2). http://dx.doi.org/10.30984/jiva.v1i2.1393

Pakpahan, R., & Fitriani, Y. (2020). Analysis of the Use of Information Technology in Distance Learning Amid the Corona Covid-19 Virus Pandemic. JISAMAR (Journal of Information System, Applied, Management, Accounting and Research, 4(2), 30–36. https://journal.stmikjayakarta.ac.id/index.php/jisamar/article/view/181

Pujilestari, Y. (2020). The positive impact of online learning in the Indonesian education system after the COVID-19 pandemic. Is, 4(1), 49-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/is.v4i1.15394

Regenold, N., & Vindrola-Padros, C. (2021). Gender matters: A gender analysis of healthcare workers' experiences during the first COVID-19 pandemic peak in england. Social Sciences, 10(2), 43. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10020043

Rihlah, J., Shari, D., & Anggraeni, AR (2021). The Impact of Using Gadgets during the Covid-19 Pandemic on Language and Social Development of Children aged 5-6 Years. Early Childhood: Journal of Education, 5(1), 45-55. https://journal.umtas.ac.id/index.php/EARLYCHILDHOOD/article/view/1204

Minutes, A., Ibad, W., Maghfiroh, L., Azza, MI, Cahyani, SA, & Ulfayati, ZA (2020). The impact of the covid-19 pandemic on teaching and learning activities in MI/SD (online-based KBM studies for teachers and students). JIEES: Journal of Islamic Education at Elementary School, 1(1), 10-16. https://doi.org/10.47400/jiees.v1i1.5

Samudera, W. (2020). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic in the Education Sector in the City of Mataram. Indonesian Journal of Teacher Education, 1(3), 154-158. https://journal.publication-center.com/index.php/ijte/article/view/102

Sari, SN, & Haryono, H. (2021). The Impact of Online Learning on Sociology Subjects During the Covid-19 Pandemic At Sma 4 Pandeglang. Journal of Sociology And Humanities Education, 12(1), 51-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/j-psh.v12i1.46330

Scott, S., McGowan, VJ, & Visram, S. (2021). 'I'm Gonna Tell You about How Mrs Rona Has Affected Me'. Exploring Young People's Experiences of the COVID-19 Pandemic in North East England: A Qualitative Diary-Based Study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(7), 3837. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073837

Setiawan, W., & Yusuf, D. (2020). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on online learning activities at STMIK Komputama Majenang. Journal of Technology and Business, 2(2), 16-25. http://e-jurnal.stmikkomputama.ac.id/index.php/jtb/article/download/21/20

Soegiono, ARP, & Kusumowidagdo, A. (2021, February). The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Interior Architecture Education System at Ciputra University. In PASS: National Seminar on Design (Vol. 1, pp. 30-37). https://eproceeding.isi-dps.ac.id/index.php/sandi-dkv/article/view/80

Subah, A., Dista, DX, & Witarsa, R. (2021). Literature Review About Basic Education Policies During a Pandemic And Its Impact on Learning. Journal of Education and Teaching Review (JRPP), 4(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.31004/jrpp.v4i1.1662

Suspahariati, S., & Susilawati, R. (2020). Implementation of the WFH (Work From Home) System and its Impact on the Performance of Unipdu Jombang Staff and Lecturers during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Dirasat: Journal of Islamic Management and Education, 6(2), 229-240. https://doi.org/10.26594/dirasat.v6i2.2347

Tasrif, E., Saputra, HK, Kurniadi, D., Hidayat, H., & Mubai, A. (2021). Designing Website-Based Scholarship Management Application for Teaching of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) in Decision Support Systems (DSS) Subjects. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 16(9). https://doi.org/ 10.3991/ijim.v15i09.23513

Thohir, IA, Putra, FA, Alim, FN, Suseno, MT, & Yudha, SSP (2021). The Impact of the Development of Internet Technology in Distance Learning for Students during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Education and Technology, 1(2), 93-103. http://jurnalilmiah.org/journal/index.php/jet/article/view/65

Tirajoh, CV, Munayang, H., & Kairupan, BH (2021). The impact of distance learning on the anxiety of parents during the COVID-19 pandemic. Biomedical Journal: JBM, 13(1), 49-57. https://doi.org/10.35790/jbm.13.1.2021.31715

Tristaningrat, MAN (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic for Indonesian Education. Maha Widya Bhuwana: Journal of Education, Religion and Culture, 4(2), 54-58. https://doi.org/10.55115/bhuwana.v4i2.1760

Ulfa, AY (2021). Impact of Online Learning During the Covid-19 Pandemic (Case Study on Parents of Students): Andi Yurni Ulfa, Haerul Mutiah. The Surya Journal of Education, 7(1), 22-30. https://jurnal.umbulukumba.ac.id/index.php/jpss/article/view/36

Widagdo, BW, Handayani, M., & Suharto, A. (2021). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Student Behavior in the Online Learning Process Using the Likert Scale Measurement Method. Journal of ESIT (E-Business, Information Systems, Information Technology), 15(2). http://openjournal.unpam.ac.id/index.php/ESIT/article/view/13062

Wiryanto. (2020). The Process of Learning Mathematics in Elementary Schools Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic Wiryanto State University of Surabaya. Journal of Basic Education Review, Educational Studies and Educational Outcomes, State University of Surabaya, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.26740/jrpd.v6n2.p125-132.


  • There are currently no refbacks.