Interpersonal Relationships of students in Junior High School

Khadijah Lubis(1), Daharnis Daharnis(2), Yarmis Syukur(3),
(1) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(3) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2019 khadijah lubis

DOI : https://doi.org/10.24036/00112za0002

Full Text:    Language : en

Abstract


In adolescence, the competence of interpersonal relations develops and increase. However, students still face some problems during puberty. These include being ostracized, mocking each other, an unpleasant class atmosphere, isolations, and selfishness. To overcome these problems, guiding and counseling services are needed. Nevertheless, for it to be effective, it is important to understand students' interpersonal issues accurately. The purpose of this study therefore was to describe the nature of interpersonal relationships among students in junior high school. The sample population consisted of 133 junior high school students selected by proportional random sampling technique. Furthermore the instrument used is the scale of interpersonal relations with reliability 0.881. Data analysis used a quantitative approach with descriptive methods. The results therefore showed interpersonal relationships among students were advanced, having an average score of 206.77 and anachievement rate of 78%. The findings of this study might be used by counselors to improve students' interpersonal relationships.


References


Alberti, R., & Emmons, M. (2017). Your Perfect Right: Assertiveness and Equality in Your Life and Relationships (Tenth Edit). Canada: An imprint of New Harbinger Publications, Inc.

Ali, M., & Asrori, M. (2011). Psikologi Remaja: Perkembangan peserta didik. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Ardi, Z., Ibrahim, Y., & Said, A. (2012). Capaian Tugas Perkembangan Sosial Siswa dengan Kelompok Teman Sebaya dan Implikasinya terhadap Program Pelayanan Bimbingan dan Konseling. Konselor, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.24036/0201212522-0-00

Bagwell, C. L., Kochel, K. P., & Schmidt, M. E. (2015). Friendship and Happiness in Adolescence. Springer Science, 99–116. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9603-3

Batubara, J. (2010). Kontribusi Pola Asuh Orangtua, Konsep Diri, dan Keterampilan Sosial terhadap Hubungan Sosial Siswa Akselerasi. Universitas Negeri Padang.

Burk, W. J., & Laursen, B. (2005). Adolescent Perceptions of Friendship and Their Associations with Individual Adjustment. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29(2), 156–164. https://doi.org/10.1080/01650250444000342

Christenson, S. L., Reschly, A. L., & Wylie, C. (2012). Handbook of Research on Student Engagement. New York: Springer Science. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-46142018-7

Collie, R. J., Martin, A. J., Papworth, B., & Ginns, P. (2016). Students’ Interpersonal Relationships, Personal Best (PB) Goals, and Academic Engagement. Learning and Individual Differences, 45, 65–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2015.12.002

Coroiu, A., Meyer, A., Gomez-garibello, C. A., Brähler, E., Hessel, A., & Körner, A. (2015). Brief Form of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire ( ICQ-15 ) Development anda Preliminary Validation with a German Population Sample. European Journal of Psychological Assessment 2015;, 31(4), 272–279. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000234

Daharnis, Nirwana, H., Ilyas, A., & Karneli, Y. (2016). Pengungkapan Diri (Self Disclosure) Mahasiswa. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 8(4), 294–304.

Daulay, A. A., Daharnis, & Afdal. (2018). The Role of Counselor in Developing Student’s Assertive Behavior. In International Conferences on Educational, Social Sciences and Technology (pp. 201–206). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29210/2018129

De Goede, I. H. A., Branje, S. J. T., & Meeus, W. H. J. (2009). Developmental Changes in Adolescents’ Perceptions of Relationships with Their Parents. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 38, 75–88. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-008-9286-7

Devito, J. A. (2015). Human Communication: The Basic Course Thirteenth Edition.

DeVito, J. A. (2015). Human Communication: The basic course (Thirteenth). New York: Pearson Education.

Du Plooy, K. (2015). Impact of a Relationships Development Group on Students’ Interpersonal Communication and Relationships. South African Journal of Higher Education, 29(2), 82–105.

Hidayat, D. (2012). Komunikasi Antarpribadi dan Medianya: Fakta penelitian fenomenologi orang tua karir dan anak remaja. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Hinggardipta, R., & Ariati, J. (2015). Hubungan antara Kompetensi Interpersonal dengan Prestasi Akademik pada Siswa Kelas XI Reguler di SMAN 2 Kora Tangerang Selatan. Empati, 4(2), 8–13.

Ignatius, E., & Kokkonen, M. (2012). Factors Contributing to Verbal self-disclosure. Nordic Psychology, 59(4), 362–391. https://doi.org/10.1027/1901-2276.59.4.362

Jackson-Dwyer, D. (2014). Interpersonal Relationships. London: Rouledge.

Jahja, Y. (2013). Psikologi Perkembangan. Jakarta: Kencana.

Kenny, R., Dooley, B., & Fitzgerald, A. (2013). Interpersonal Relationships and Emotional Distress in Adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 351–360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.12.005

Kleptsova, E. Y., & Balabanov, A. A. (2016). Development of Humane Interpersonal Relationships. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 11(4), 2147–2157. https://doi.org/10.12973/ijese.2016.585a

Korem, A., Horenczyk, G., & Tatar, M. (2012). Inter-group and Intra-group Assertiveness : Adolescents’ Social Skills Following Cultural Transition. Journal of Adolescence, 35(4), 855–862. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.12.002

Lasgaard, M., Goossens, L., Bramsen, R. H., Trillingsgaard, T., & Elklit, A. (2011). Different sources of loneliness are associated with different forms of psychopathology in adolescence. Journal of Research in Personality, 45(2), 233–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2010.12.005

Liem, G. A. D., & Martin, A. J. (2011). Peer Relationships and Adolescents’ Academic and Non-academic Outcomes: Same-sex and Opposite-sex Peer effects and The Mediating Role of School Engagement. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 81, 183–206. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.2010.02013.x

Luo, Y., Xiang, Z., Zhang, H., & Wang, Z. (2017). Protective Factors for Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents: Interpersonal relationships and perceived social support. Psychology in the Schools, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.22033

McGowan, B. L. (2016). Interpersonal Relationships: Exploring race and relationship decisions among African American college men. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 53(3), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/19496591.2016.1118381

Michek, S., & Loudová, I. (2014). Family and Interpersonal Relationship in Early Adolescence. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 112, 683–692. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1218

Monks, F. J., & Knoers, A. M. P. (2013). Psikologi Perkembangan: Pengantar dalam berbagai bagiannya. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Nirwana, H. (2012). Pengungkapan Diri Siswa Sekolah Menengah dan Implikasinya Bagi Konseling. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 18(1), 1–7.

Papalia, D. E., Old, S. W., & Feldman, R. D. (2009). Perkembangan Manusia, Buku 2. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Passanisi, A., Nuovo, S. Di, Urgese, L., & Pirrone, C. (2015). The Influence of Musical Expression on Creativity and Interpersonal Relationships in Children. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 2476–2480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.308

Rakhmat, J. (2005). Psikologi Komunikasi. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Santrock, J. W. (2014). Adolescence-Fifteenth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Santrock, J. W. (2016). Essentials of Life-Span Development. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Sari, R. P., Rejeki, T., & Mujab, A. (2006). Pengungkapan Diri Mahasiswa Tahun Pertama Universitas Diponegoro Ditinjau dari Jenis Kelamin dan Harga Diri. Jurnal Psikologi, 3(2), 11–25. https://doi.org/10.14710/JPU.3.2.11 - 25

Sari, W. J., & Muhari. (2013). Penerapan Bimbingan Kelompok Teknik Bermain untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Menjalin Hubungan Interpersonal Siswa Kelas VIII-G SMP Negeri 1 Kawedanan Kabupaten Magetan. Jurnal BK UNESA, 4(1), 178–187.

Tirmidzi, A., Nursalim, M., Pratiwi, T. I., & Setiawati, D. (2013). Penggunaan Teknik Sosiodrama untuk Meningkatkan Hubungan Interpersonal Siswa yang Rendah. Jurnal BK UNESA, 3(1), 127–132.

Xie, W., & Kang, C. (2015). See You, See Me: Teenagers’ self-disclosure and regret of posting on social network site. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 398–407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.05.059

Yang, L.-H. (2016). Interpersonal Relationships and the Development of Student Interest in Science. Electronic Journal of Science Education, 20(1), 18–38. Retrieved from http://ejse.southwestern.edu

Zhang, B., Gao, Q., Fokkema, M., Alterman, V., & Liu, Q. (2015). Adolescent Interpersonal Relationships, Social Support and Loneliness in High Schools: Mediation effect and gender differences. Social Science Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.05.003


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 955 times
 PDF Downloaded : 30 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 khadijah lubis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.