1. Home
  2. Vol 6, No 1 (2022)
  3. Merri Hafni

Investigating Fear of Missing Out: A comparative study of gender, employment status, and social media accounts

  • Abstract Views: 426
  • PDF Downloads: 0
  • August 17, 2022
Corresponding Author

Keywords:

Fear of Missing Out (FoMO), Gender, Employment Status, Social Media Accounts

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe the condition of fear of missing out (FoMO), and to investigate differences in FoMO based on gender, employment status, and number of social media accounts. This study uses a quantitative approach to the type of comparative research. Sampling using incidental sampling technique, the sample in this study amounted to 469 respondents (male = 112; female = 357). Data were collected using the FoMO instrument. Data were analyzed using anova with the help of JASP software. The results showed that FoMO conditions were experienced by all respondents, but FoMO in respondents who did not work or students were more worried about not having access to their smart phones. This is of course related to the number of social media accounts and free time (respondents who do not work or students have a lot of free time) to access the internet, because smart phones cannot work optimally when there is no internet access. Another finding is that female students who have two to three social media accounts and even those who have more than three are more dominant in responding to the FoMO instrument compared to male. However, when viewed from the average, men who do not work to experience the highest FoMO condition compared to men who have jobs, even with women who work and those who do not work.

Full Text:

References

Abeele, M. V., & Rooij, T. V. (2016). Fear of missing out (FoMO) as a predictor of problematic social media use. In International Conference on Behavioral Addictions, Geneva, Switzerland.

Adams, S. K., & Kisler, T. S. (2013). Sleep quality as a mediator between technology-related sleep quality, depression, and anxiety. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16(1), 25–31. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2012.0157

Anastasya, Y. A., Hadiah, C. M., Amalia, I., & Suzanna, E. (2022). Correlation Between Fear of Missing Out and Internet Addiction in Students. International Journal of Islamic Educational Psychology, 3(1).

Aykanat, Z., Yıldız, T., & Çelik, A. K. (2016). A Structural Equation Modeling of University Students’ Smartphone Dependence in An Emerging Country. Peer-Reviewed Academic Journal Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, 9(3), 108–121.

Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental drive. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497–529. https://doi.org/10.1037/tps0000075

Beyens, I., Frison, E., & Eggermont, S. (2016). I don’t want to miss a thing”: Adolescents’ fear of missing out and its relationship to adolescents’ social needs, facebook use, and facebook related stress. Computers in Human Behavior, 64, 1–8.

Chang, F. C., Chiu, C. H., Chen, P. H., Chiang, J. T., Miao, N. F., Chuang, H. Y., & Liu, S. (2019). Children’s use of mobile devices, smartphone addiction and parental mediation in Taiwan. Computers in Human Behavior, 93, 25–32.

Clayton, R. B., Leshner, G., & Almond, A. (2015). extended iSelf: the impact of iPhone separation on cognition, emotion, and physiology. Journal Comput. Mediat. Commun, 20, 119–135.

David, M. E., Roberts, J. A., & Christenson, B. (2017). Too much of a good thing: Investigating the association between actual smartphone use and individual well-being. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction, 34(3), 265–275.

Elhai, J. D., Levine, J. C., Dvorak, R. D., & Hall, B. J. (2016). Fear of missing out, need for touch, anxiety and depression are related to problematic smartphone use. Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 509–516.

Holt-Lunstad, J., Smith, T. B., & Layton, J. B. (2010). Social relationships and mortality risk: A meta-analytic review. PLoS Medicine, 7(7), e1000316.

Indonesia, P. (2016). Infografis Penetrasi danPerilaku Pengguna Internet Indonesia,.

J Kuss, D., D Griffiths, M., Karila, L., & Billieux, J. (2014). Internet addiction: A systematic review of epidemiological research for the last decade. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 20(25), 4026–4052.

Konrath, S. (2018). Americans are becoming more socially isolated, but they’re not feeling lonelier. The Conversation, 7.

Kross, E., Verduyn, P., Park, J., Seungjae, D., Lin, N., Shablack, H., …, & Ybarra, O. (2013). Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults. PLoS One, 8(8), e69841.

Makki, T. W., DeCook, J. R., Kadylak, T., & Lee, O. J. (2018). The social value of snapchat: An exploration of affiliation motivation, the technology acceptance model, and relational maintenance in Snapchat use. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction, 34(5), 410–420.

Przybylski, A. K., Murayama, K., Dehaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1841–1848. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014

Roberts, J. A., & David, M. E. (2020). The social media party: Fear of missing out (FoMO), social media intensity, connection, and well-being. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction, 36(4), 386–392.

Roberts, J. A., Petnji YaYa, L. H., & Manolis, C. (2014). The invisible addiction: Cell-phone activities and addiction among male and female college students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 3(4), 254–265.

Rozgonjuk, D., Sindermann, C., Elhai, J., Behaviors, C. M.-A., & 2020, undefined. (2020). Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) and social media’s impact on daily-life and productivity at work: Do WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat Use Disorders mediate. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106487

Saputra, A. (2019). Survei penggunaan media sosial di kalangan mahasiswa kota padang menggunakan teori uses and gratifications. Jurnal Dokumentasi Dan Informasi, 40(2), 207–216.

Swan, A. J., & Kendall, P. C. (2016). Fear and Missing Out: Youth Anxiety and Functional Outcomes. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 23, 417–435.

Syahputra, Y., & Erwinda, L. (2020). Perbedaan Nomophobia mahasiswa; analisis Rasch. JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia), 6(2), 69–76.

Syahputra, Y., Prayitno, P., Syahniar, S., & Hariyani, H. (2019). Rasch stacking analysis of student internet addiction based on gender. Jurnal Konseling Dan Pendidikan, 7(1), 35–41.

Syahputra, Y., Rangka, I. B., Solihatun, S., Folastri, S., & Oktasari, M. (2020). Mengukur Sifat Psikometri Phubbing Scale (PS): Rasch Measurement Tool (RMS). In Seminar Nasional Daring IIBKIN 2020, 120–128.

Tromholt, M. (2016). The Facebook experiment: Quitting Facebook leads to higher levels of well-being. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 19(11), 661–666.

Twenge, J. M., Joiner, T. E., Rogers, M. L., & Martin, G. N. (2018). Increases in depressive symptoms, suicide-related outcomes, and suicide rates among U.S. adolescents after 2010 and links to increased new media screen time. Clinical Psychological Science, 6, 3–17.

Williams, K. D. (2007). Social ostracism: The kiss of death. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 1(1), 236–247.

Wolniewicz, C. A., Tiamiyu, M. F., Weeks, J., & Elhai, J. D. (2018). Problematic smartphone use and relations with negative affect, fear of missing out, and fear of negative and positive evaluation. Psychiatry Research, 262, 618–623.

Woods, H. C., & Scott, H. (2016). Sleepyteens: Social media use in adolescence is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety, depression and low self- esteem. . . Journal of Adolescence, 51, 41–49.

Young, K. S. (2010). Internet addivtion: a handbook and guide to evaluation and treatment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.